CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) sets the goal of training social actors in language teaching, which implies a shift from the communication paradigm to the social action paradigm or from training successful communicators, who are involved in exchange of information in contact situations, to training social actors, who can live together harmoniously and act together effectively in their multilingual and multicultural societies, but the same CEFR does not elaborate on how to realize this rupture in and/or outside the classroom. This paper proposes that there are two ways of training social actors: mini-projects, which can be employed by language textbooks or curricula, and educational projects, in which the students are involved as autonomously as possible in their design, implementation, and evaluation. The paper focuses on the distinctive characteristics of educational projects which differentiate them from the communicative tasks and then presents the stages of the application of educational projects in social-action-based learning (the action-oriented approach).
ASSOC. PROF. DR. AHMET ACAR | Head of English Language Teaching, Buca Faculty of Education at Dokuz Eylül University